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BACK   ->   THE 264 SERIES

 

The VOLVO 264,


and more precisely the series 260, was produced by Volvo from 1974 to 1993.


Resulting from the project of the series 200, an evolution of the series 140/160, the series 200

took the most of all the improvements made during the years to the series, taking advantage of

its best features and further perfectioning it, especially as far as security is concerned.


Its exterior aspect deriving from the last series 140, except for a change in the front part, the series 200 was actually deeply different; taking the most of the innovations introduced on the VESC prototype of safe car, the series 200 offered a controlled deformation car body, all the brakes were disk brakes with 2 special triangular safety circuits, the collapsible steering column, seats with innovative head-rests, etc....


The interiors and the dash board were profoundly renewed.


In 1978 the tail was modified with a higher trunk and a more modern outline, and in 1981 other small modifications for further innovations followed, among them, smaller and plastic-coated bumpers, the radiator grid aerodynamically inclined, a new dash board, small modifications to the car windows frames and the elimination of chromed profiles of the wheel house stand out.


The number 264 in its name indicates in the order: 2 for the model, 6 for the number of cylinders of the engine, 4 for the number of the doors; in the 4-door car body of the series 200, the 6 cylinders PRV engine is assembled, produced by the joint-venture between Peugeot and Renault.


In addition to the famous engine, it shows prestigious innovations, embellished year after year tank to the arrival of the new model-year.


Besides the model 264, the family version, 265, and the 2 door coupé version, the so called 262 (only a few vehicles assembled) also started to be produced. Later on, from 1977, it was turned into the 262 C, with lowered roof top, designed and produced by the Bertone body shop in Italy, enriched with luxurious details in leather and burr veneer and with all the optionals available at that time.


Let’s have a look at the details:


Versions:


At the beginning, it was only available the 264 GL (Grand Luxe) version richly equipped and with leather seats; in autumn 1975 besides it, the 264 DL (De Luxe) and the station 265 followed. The DL versions were less richly equipped and they had an engine with 125 hp carburettor. I owned one

and I can guarantee that some models in DL version with 140 hp injection engine also came.

In 1977 the 262C Bertone and the GL version followed. This last one became GLE, with series alloy wheels. Starting from 1981, in occasion of the restyling, the versions 264 GL, 265 GL, 264 GLE and 262 C were commercialized.


From 1976 the Bertone company produced in a small series and on request the 264 TE (acronym for Top Executive), a limo with long wheelbase reserved to the Ministers and to the Head of States. The mechanical structure was the one of the 264 with automatic transmission, whereas in the details were included, further to the longer wheelbase, a luxurious equipment on board. The 264 TE was mostly purchased by Swedish high officials and, curiously, by DDR. Its production continued until the 1981.


Engine:


Disused the old 6 cylinders inline engine of the 164, the new PRV was adopted, with 6 90° V-patterned cylinders, born from the collaboration among Peugeot, Renault and Volvo;


The first joint-venture had its origins in France in 1969, near Lens. Its name was Compagnie Française de Méchanique, (FM is its abbreviation); two years later, in 1971 also the Swedish Volvo equally joined in. The name was then changed permanently into PRV.


After an initial project of a V8 engine, it was decided to opt for a cheaper V6, also because of the simultaneous oil crisis of the first 70’s. Anyway, the new V6 engine, created in aluminium alloy, maintained some normally typical characteristics of a V8 engine, beginning with the 90° angle between the main bearings, instead of the usual 60°.


Among the characteristics, we must remember the distribution to a front camshaft for each main bearing, with two valves for the cylinder.


The engine PRV was produced in different types: from 2.5 to 3 litres, and also in turbo versions, never adopted by Volvo.


970.315 pieces were produced and they were used for equipping the various models of several Car Companies, also outside the competence of Peugeot- Renault- Volvo. The first model equipped with this engine it was a Volvo 264, on the 3rd October 1974, whereas the production stopped definitely on the 15th June 1998. The PRV engine also equipped the following model Volvo 760, presented in 1982, which substituted the 264.


The engine assembled on the 264 had a 2664 cc displacement, with mechanical injection feeding for

a power of 140 hp and later on of 148 hp, or with 125 hp carburettor feeding (DL versions), combined with the 3 speed automatic transmission or with manual transmission.

During the years, the manual transmissions proposed were 4 gear transmission, 5 gear transmission produced by ZF, 4 gear with overdrive on the 4th ratio in the versions of the last years.

Thanks to the restyling of 1981 the displacement reached the 2849 cc and the power to 155 hp.


Steering wheel: steering rack with hydraulic servo assistance, collapsible safety steering column.


Brakes: 4 disc brakes, self- ventilating anterior brakes, servo-assisted, with double triangular safety circuit (each circuit acted on both front and rear brake discs), parking brake with drums incorporated in the rear hubs.



Equipment:


Since the beginning, it was already fully accessorized, but it was improved year by year until the following equipment was proposed to become series equipment: air conditioning and heating, openable roof top, alloy wheels, electrical adjustable door mirrors on all the windows, headlights washer, electrical adjustable wing mirrors, centralized locking, four headrests, rear window sun shades, heated seats, car lights and key buzzer, and what’s most, for the model 262, the cruise control. Leather or precious velvet interiors, safety seat belts with light and buzzer for not fastened seat belts.


Production:


Produced at two establishments, Goteborg in Sweden and Gent in Belgium, with an overall production of approximately 132.390 vehicles for the model 264 and as follows for the derived models:

262: 3.329 (only for USA, produced from 1975 to 1977) – 262C: 6.622 – 265: 35.061

 

 

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